Rational choice in the hottest high-tech era

2022-08-11
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Rational choice in the era of high technology

Guide: people often regard fully automated production as a symbol of high technology, but exquisite element analysis and substitution also contain advanced creation, manufacturing, production organization wisdom. Human beings are the creators and operators of high technology, such as automation technology. Therefore, will high-tech OEM create employment pressure? Will robots do harm to humans? Are all enterprises suitable for this technology OEM mode? The answers to these questions are clear

human beings are the highest leaders in nature. Human beings have invented various technologies with wisdom, which makes life more convenient and comfortable and work more efficient. Human beings have created high technology and high technology serves human beings. This is a natural cycle. However, recently, the Foxconn machine and human OEM incident has led to another problem. The world is crying for high technology and directing machines to do all human work. If so, what should most of China's surplus labor do? Will high-tech OEM create employment pressure? Will robots do harm to humans? Are all enterprises suitable for this technology OEM mode? This series of problems have surfaced one after another

technology OEM will not cause employment pressure

for Foxconn to move its workers to the top of the value chain, the New York Times believes that improving the level of technology can certainly promote economic growth. In the United States, for example, the improvement of agricultural technology has led millions of Americans to leave their farms, and the invention of computers has replaced civilian personnel. These inventions can provide better paid jobs for well-educated workers. But the use of these labor-saving cutting-edge technologies in China is disturbing because China has to provide jobs for 300million farmers living in rural areas

the New York Times believes that it is hard to believe that hundreds of millions of Chinese workers can quickly move up the value chain and become tomorrow's nurses and engineers. As robots take over more jobs, it is more difficult for millions of farmers trapped in rural areas to find jobs

develop scientifically and seek truth from facts. With a population of 1.3 billion, China has a large number of labor-intensive enterprises. It is not feasible to turn all of them into high-end industries at once. If China has only 200million people, it can only do high-end work, but if China has 1.3 billion people, it must do low-end work. Only by doing low-end work can jobs be created

guoyanlin, head of hardware technology research at JPMorgan Chase, also pointed out that at present, 50% of the manufacturing processes in the mainland electronics industry can be replaced by robots, such as Foxconn OEM business. The main application fields of robots are still in the front-end high-precision patch and the rear-end assembly and handling links; However, he said that most of Foxconn's intermediate processes still have to be manual, and the large-scale investment in robots will take five years to recover the cost, so the investment benefit will be a gradual process

as an aside, some people have to ask, isn't it a labor shortage? Why is there employment pressure? In this regard, the New York Times believes that the rising wages of Chinese workers are mainly due to many manufacturing jobs, which are too far away from the residences of underemployed farmers. The government did not provide convenience for these workers to migrate from their hometown to places where they were needed. At the same time, the New York Times pointed out that despite the rise in Chinese workers' wages, research shows that the wages of Chinese manufacturing workers in 2008 were only $1.36 per hour, only 4% of American workers, lower than those of workers in Mexico, Brazil, the Philippines and even India. These are the root causes of labor shortage

taking robots as an example, robots may reduce costs and replace some labor, such as sorting and assembly of parts. This method is applicable to hybrid and discrete production, such as assembly and sorting of various parts such as automobiles, electronics, electrical appliances, etc. However, in labor-intensive industries such as construction and handicraft, and manufacturing, the added value is very low, and it is impossible to use robots on a large scale

enterprises should have choices in the face of high-tech technology

Foxconn's decision to increase the number of robots (robots) in its Chinese production line from the current 10000 sets to 1million sets within three years caused an uproar in the industry. Some people said that this would be an example of industrial upgrading for enterprises in the industry, while others worried that this would cause employment pressure. There are also friends who refute that replacing human beings with robots will cause employment pressure and harm mankind. It is a great irony: people create technology to improve human life, but now they have to question whether technology will take away their jobs

people often regard fully automated production as the symbol of high-tech 250 (245 ⑵ 50 ⑵ 40 in terms of the machining process of electronic tensile testing machine ⑵ 30) ℃, but exquisite element analysis and substitution also include advanced creation, manufacturing and production organization wisdom. We should know that human beings are the creators and operators of high-tech such as automation technology. Therefore, we should choose these high-tech technologies rationally

on the issue of industrial transformation and upgrading, the person in charge of an enterprise in Zhejiang reluctantly said that the land is so tight, but he also proposed the development of China's waste foam granulator, and he did not dare to move the enterprise out. After all, there is the most complete industrial chain in this place. What worries her even more is that in order to expand production, the next step of the enterprise is to develop towards automation and carry out technological transformation, which is estimated to require an investment of more than 5million yuan. But now the company's working capital is very tight, and when the technological transformation will start is still unknown

some Weibo friends complain that most enterprises have transformed and are engaged in high-tech and automation production. How can China solve the hundreds of millions of labor unemployment rate and go home to farm? Transformation should conform to the law of the market economy, so that powerful and intentional enterprises can transform and transition autonomously and rhythmically according to the market demand, rather than the government deriving the transformation. At present, 3. If it is necessary to solve the transformation of watermarks industry, it is a little too urgent

it can be seen from the above that although it is necessary for the government to deduce the transformation and upgrading policy, it should not be rushed. In addition, at present, most enterprises still blindly and blankly follow. Industrial reform needs a gradual process, and the targeted general plan of the government and experts is not applicable to all enterprises. We should understand the overall structure of the enterprise, combine the market, and then choose the appropriate scientific and technological products and programs

take the above Zhejiang enterprises as an example. Due to their financial difficulties, they are obviously pushed forward, and the future road is very confused and full of uncertainty. For such small and medium-sized enterprises, it is very difficult to follow the path of Foxconn, and capital is the first problem. Due to the investment in a large number of equipment, a large amount of capital is required, and the recovery time of this capital is generally long, five years? Or ten years

the best is not necessarily the most appropriate. Enterprises should not blindly follow the equipment investment and equipment upgrading and transformation. They should know more about the various processes on the production line and carefully decompose them. Then they should consider the different costs of each process when increasing manual or machine production, choose the product line that is most suitable for production needs, analyze multiple schemes, and seek the way to maximize benefits. This is the development road in line with the reality

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